Haemorrhoids | Prevention and Treatment

Haemorrhoids | Prevention and Treatment 

Generally symptoms of haemorrhoids will improve after a few days, without the need for treatment – if they occurred during pregnancy they will often get better after giving birth. However, lifestyle changes can reduce any excess strain on the blood vessels in and around your anus and therefore reduce your risk of further haemorrhoids.

Lifestyle changes include:

  • Increasing the amount of fibre in your diet – this should be done gradually as it will increase the size and weight of your stool and soften it. A bulky stool is easier to pass, decreasing your chance of constipation. Good sources of fibre include pulses, beans, nuts, oats, fruit and vegetables.
  • Staying hydrated – avoiding or cutting down on caffeine and alcohol while drinking plenty of fluid
  • Going to the toilet when your body tells you to – ignoring the urge to empty your bowels can make your stools harder and drier, leading to increased straining when you do eventually go to the toilet
  • Avoid constipating medication – painkillers containing codeine can cause constipation as a side effect, so if you suffer from constipation regularly, make sure to check any over the counter medication you take.
  • Lose weight – only if you are overweight or obese, losing weight can help reduce strain when going to the toilet.
  • Exercise – regular exercise has many benefits, including helping you lose weight, reduce your blood pressure and reduce the chances of constipation – all of which will help prevent haemorrhoids.

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